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5 Big Areas of Reading
 Phonological Awareness

The ability to hear and manipulate the sounds in spoken words and the understanding that spoken words and syllables are made up of sequences of speech sounds.

Phonics

Phonics is simply the system of relationships between letters and sounds in a language. When a child learns that the letter B has the sound of /b/ and  "tion" sounds like /shun/, they are learning phonics.

Fluency

Fluency (automaticity) is reading words with no noticeable cognitive or mental effort. It is having mastered word recognition skills to the point of overlearning. Fundamental skills are so "automatic" that they do not require conscious attention.

Comprehension

Active and intentional thinking in which the meaning is constructed through interactions between the text and the reader.

Vocabulary

Learning, as a language based activity, is fundamentally and profoundly dependent on vocabulary knowledge. Learners must have access to the meanings of words that teachers, or their surrogates (e.g., other adults, books, films, etc.), use to guide them into contemplating known concepts in novel ways (i.e. to learn something new).


 
Reference: http://reading.uoregon.edu/


 

 






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Last modified: 2015-07-23 12:01:12 AM (EDT)