Review the following information to complete the packet on this chapter:
In 1962, Rachel Carson wrote the book Silent Spring, which documented the effects of the pesticide DDT on the enviornment. This chemical had a particular effect on the solidity of the shells of Bald Eagle eggs, causing many chicks to die and leading to the near extinction of the species. Examine the data from the chart below and graph the information in a bar graph on your packet. Then, answer the questions that follow.
Bald Eagle Breeding Pairs - 1963 to 2006 Data Table
Number of Pairs
Three Mile Island
On March 28, 1979, the debate over nuclear power safety moved from the hypothetical to reality. An accident at Unit 2 of the Three Mile Island plant in Pennsylvania melted about half of the reactor's core and for a time generated fear that widespread radioactive contamination would result. The crisis ended without a major release of dangerous forms of radiation or a need to order a general evacuation, but it pointed out that new approaches to nuclear regulation were essential. In the aftermath of the accident, the NRC placed much greater emphasis on operator training and "human factors" in plant performance, severe accidents that could occur as a result of small equipment failures (as occurred at Three Mile Island), emergency planning, plant operating histories, and other matters.
Equality for Native-Americans
Leslie Marmon Silko is an essayist, novelist and poet from the Laguna Pueblo tribe. In the late 1960's, Native American activists worked towards equality for Native Americans, and for sovereignty for their reservations. They wanted to move away from the US Government policy of assimilation and reeducation, ending the days of Indian Schools where young Native Americans were taught to be "American." Read the poem by Leslie Marmon Silko below, and answer the questions.
I always called her Aunt Susie
because she was my father's aunt
and that's what he called her.
She was married to Walter K. Marmon,
my grandpa Hank's brother.
Her family was the Reyes family from Paguate
the village north of Old Laguna.
when she was a young woman
she had been sent away to Carlisle Indian School
After she finished at the Indian School
she attended Dickinson College in Carslile.
When she returned to Laguna
she continued her studies
particularly of history
even as she raised her family
and helped Uncle Walter run their small cattle ranch.
In the 1920's she taught school
in a one-room building at Old Laguna
where my father remembers he misbehaved
while Aunt Susie had her back turned.
From the time that I can remember her
she worked on hier kitchen table
with her books and papers spread over the oil cloth.
She wrote beautiful long hand script
but her eyesight was not good
and so she wrote very slowly.
She was already in her mid-sixties
when I discovered that she would listen to me
to all my questions and speculations.
I was only seven or eight years old then
but I remember she would put down her fountain pen
and lift her glasses to wipe her eyes with her handkerchief
before she spoke.
It seems extraordinary now
that she took time from her studies and writing
to answer my questions
and to tell me all that she knew on a subject,
but she did.
She had come to blieve very much in books
and in schooling.
She was of a gneration,
the last generation here at Laguna,
that passed own an entire culture
by word of mouth
an entire history
an entire vision of the world
which depended upon memory
and retelling by subsequent generation.
She must have realized
that the atmosphere and conditions
which had maintained this oral tradition in Laguna culture
had been irrevocably altered by the European intrusion-
principally by the practices of taking the children
away from Laguna to Indian schools,
taking the cildren away from the tellers who had
in all past generations
told the children
an entire culture, an entire identity of a people.
And yet her writing went painfully slow
because of her failing eyesight
and because of her considerable family duties.
What she is leaving with us-
the stories and remembered accounts-
is primarily what she was able to tell
and what we are able to remember.
As with any generation
the oral tradition depends upon each person
listening and remembering a portion
and it is together-
all of us remembering what we have heard together-
that creates the whole story
the long story of the people.
I remember only a small part.
But this is what I remember.
Equality for Women
Leaf through the various issues of Ms. Magazine for your instructions for this section.
Equality for Hispanic-Americans
The Hispanic-American movement was mainly focuse on the Southwestern area of the United States. It was in that area, where during WWII, many Mexican immigrants were welcomed into the US to help increase farm production. These Braceros were essential to maintaining enough farm produce to feed not only the population on the homefront, but also the soldiers fighting in Europe and the Pacific. Following the war, the US government turned on the Braceros, and the remaining population faced harsh working conditions. Cesar Chavez was an important figure in the fight for rights for these workers. View the video below and then answer the questions in your packet.
Born in Winsted, Connecticut, and educated at Princeton and Harvard Law School, Nader first gained national attention in 1965 as the thirty-one-year-old author of Unsafe at Any Speed. The book indicted unsafe automobile design in general and General Motors’ Corvair in particular. When it became publicly known that General Motors had hired private detectives in an attempt to dig up information that might discredit Nader, a Senate subcommittee looking into auto safety summoned the president of General Motors to explain his company’s harassment and personally apologize to Nader.
Unlike muckrakers of the early 1900s who took satisfaction in unmasking scandal and then moving on, Nader wanted to experiment with new strategies of citizen action and to establish organizations that could empower ordinary consumers. In the marketplace, Nader’s self-avowed agenda was “nothing less than the qualitative reform of the Industrial Revolution.” In the civic sphere, Nader’s ambition was to reinvigorate the possibilities of citizenship in a modern society dominated by institutional giants — multinational corporations, government bureaucracies, labor unions, barassociations, universities.
Click on the following link to read about the Counter Culture of the 60's. Then, answer the questions in your packet.
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